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Handicap Racing Principals
The best way to approach a Masters & Ladies handicap race is for everyone to work together to keep your group ahead of the predicted time and place your group in the front of the race on handicap time so that one of you can try and win it.

In contrast, some members ride Masters & Ladies races as scratch races, treating others in their group as threats, and sitting in the bunch, “soft peddling” and conserving energy waiting for the sprint, or even attacking their own group. Others seem to treat handicap races as a group ride and are happy to get towed along, doing little, if any, work.

In an Masters & Ladies handicap race there is a clear expectation that everyone should rotate and do a pull on the front.  Even if you
are a sprinter thinking of the win, then you should still try to do your fair share of the work.

It is acceptable though in
Masters & Ladies races to just roll through and drift to the back again. But don't just sit at the back the entire race and then jump everyone at the finish, leaving everyone wondering whether you've actually been in the same race. You'll make no friends racing this way!

In a handicap event you should not attack your own bunch for most of the race as this
disrupts the flow and slows things down. You should be working with them, not against them. But feel free to attack inside the last few kilometers.

Being part of a well-functioning group in an Masters & Ladies race where everyone is sharing the workload, aiming to get the best time for the entire group, can be an exciting and satisfying experience. In your next M&L race get your group working together properly and really have a go!

Seeding Principals
The club has a clear policy around the seeding for handicap races. The rules that form part of this policy are described below. The rules are intended to provide riders with a clear understanding of the seeding system that the club enforces. The purpose of this policy is to ensure fair
play on the field to all riders when racing.

Having a bad day or not feeling well on the day is not an excuse or reason to move down a group. Likewise feeling good on the day is not a reason to move up a group as both incidences are unfair on other riders who are legitimately riding in that seeding and could be disadvantaged by unfair movement of riders and points that may be competed for in a series. If a rider elects to move up, with the approval of the Seeding Committee, then he/she remains in that group unless approval by the Seeding Committee is given or otherwise asked to move down by the Seeding Committee.

The following rules will be applied to seeding in the Club:
1 - 
If a rider has 2 top 3 finishes in a race he/she will be considered for promotion to the next higher group.
Applicable to finishes where a rider has had a clear break from the bunch and not applicable to bunch sprint finishes.
2 -
If a rider has 3 consecutive bottom results in a race they will be considered for movement down a group.
Applicable to riders who are a long way behind the bulk of the group that they are allocated in.
3 -
Over and above 1 and 2, the Seeding Committee may reconsider regarding any rider who is believed to be unsuited to race in a particular group. Example: a rider that breaks away from the group and then deliberately slows down towards the end to be caught by the group again so that superior performance relative to the performance of the allocated group cannot be detected from the results.

New Members
Will be seeded according to the average speed that the rider declares on the membership form that he or she rides BUT if the time the rider has ridden in the first race is outside the parameters of the particular group ridden in, the riders group will be adjusted on the results before the provisional results are published. This is to ensure that the rider is in a group according to the time achieved. This process can repeat itself in the second or third race until the member is in the correct group.

Members that was not part of club previous season
Will be seeded according to the group that the member rode in the last time he or she was a member of the club BUT if the time the rider has ridden in the first race is outside the parameters of the particular group ridden in, the riders group will be adjusted on the results before the provisional results are published. This is to ensure that the rider is in a group according to the time achieved. This process can repeat itself in the second or third race until the member is in the correct group.

Existing Members
Will be seeded according to the group that the member rode the last race of the previous season or in the group the Seeding Committee has placed the rider during the off season BUT if the time the rider has ridden in the first race is outside the parameters of the particular group ridden in, the riders group will be adjusted on the results before the provisional results are published. This is to ensure that the rider is in a group according to the time achieved. This process can repeat itself in the second or third race until the member is in the correct group.

Older riders in A group
A member that rides in A group that is 55 years and older has the option to voluntary drop down one group provided the following applies:
  -  If the rider has 2 top 3 finishes in a race after dropping down a group he or she will automatically be moved back to A group
  -  The rider does not do all the work in the lower group pulling the entire group to a better time and then sitting up in the race to ensure he or she does not finish in the top 3 of the race.
  -  The rider does not break away from the lower group and then ‘waits” near the finish to ensure that he or she does not finish in the top 3 of the race.

Masters and Ladies Race Results Explained

Present and Past Records for this Race
The club has all its past races records in the database and if the course record has been broken for the particular race it will be indicated in this section with the new record details plus the old record details.

Current Course Records
The current course records can be viewed here: View Overall Records View Ladies Records View Tandem Records

Explanation of each Column

MbrNo Member Number as per riders cloth number
Names Member surname and name
Gnd  Gender male or female. Tandems are indicated as a X. We only allow male / female combinations and no male / male combinations to participate on a tandem.
AgeGp Age Group. Your age is determined as at the end of the season i.e. 1 April of the following year. This is done this way so that your age group does not change during the season. In some cases the member benefits a couple months when going into a new age group, as the member may only turn the new age late in the season, but is already in the new age group from the beginning of the season.
Grp Racing Group i.e. A to H
Cyc Bicycle used SF = Single Female SM = Single Male TMF = Tandem Male Female
ActTime Actual Time obtained.
ActP  Actual Position based on the Actual Time
HcTime Handicap Time. All our races except the four Age Group races are all based on Handicap Times. This evens the playing fields and any rider can potentially win the race on handicap. How the handicap time is calculated will be explained at the end and become apparent as the rest of the columns are explained.
HcP Handicap Position. This is based on the Handicap Time
AgeP  Age Position. This is the position in your Age Group, Male and Female separate, based on the Actual Time.
Pts Points for this race. Points are allocated from 180 down to 2.
IndxP  Index of Performance. The formula used is the following:
100 / (Winners Time / Riders Actual Time x 100)
What this means is the percentage time that you took more than the winner of the race, based on actual time. This value is used as a guide for seeding purposes as all riders with a similar performance index range should be in the same racing group.
AvSp Average Speed for this particular race. It is calculated from the Race Distance and the Actual Time per rider.
PreTm Predicted Time. This is a predicted time that the particular group should obtain for this particular race. More on this will be explained below.
TotPts Total Points Accumulated. This is your total points accumulated including this race. From this you can monitor your position in the Handicap Competition and see where you are relative to your fellow riders in your group. This is just an indication from race to race as a final calculation gets done at the end of the season to see who the different winners are.
Ras Rider Adjusted Seconds.

More detailed explanation on the handicap calculations
The following columns are important in the calculation of the handicaps: Actual Time, Predicted Time, Handicap Applied (not shown in results) and Handicap Time

At the end of each season all our results for the different races are used to calculate the handicaps for each race for the next season. Currently the club is using in some races, 6 years data and in others less as situations changed over the years. The more races data you have the more accurate our calculations will be.

The first thing that is calculated in the Predicted Time for each racing group for each race. We do not use the minimum time per group as this will not be a true reflection of the groups ability as you have riders that ride out of group in some races giving a false winning time for the group. We also do not use the average for each group as the very slow and very fast riders times will influence the predicted time and not be accurate. We therefore use the Percentile formula and in most groups / races we use the 10th Percentile for each group. This then gives a more true time for the group and is much more accurate than just the minimum or average for the group.

We now have a Predicted Time for each Group per Race.

To calculate the handicap that each group must have per race, the H group Predicted Time per race is used. H group gets zero time added to their time as handicap. To calculate G groups handicap, the Predicted Time for G group is subtracted from H groups Predicted Time for that race and the difference is the Handicap Applied. To determine F groups handicap, the Predicted Time for F group is subtracted from H groups Predicted Time for that race and the difference is the Handicap Applied. This calculation is then done for each group. In theory if the entire field rode exactly the Handicap Time per group, everybody will be first on handicap. Obviously this is not possible in practice.

When the results are done in the database, the Handicaps Applied are loaded for each race per group and then the Actual Time as per time keeper is loaded. The database then does the calculations to determine the race order based on Handicap Times.

In the results, if you take your Handicap Time and subtract your Actual Time you will get the Handicap Applied for your racing group.

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